In my research, I am interested in exploring and developing different hybrid mapping techniques that seek to unpack the complexity of urban space and architectural composition. Particularly, I am interested in uncovering historical narratives, and the experiences of marginalised communities. The mapping techniques, thus, are oriented towards revealing a unique spatial experience of communities, groups and individuals who lack representations and are oppressed and controlled by global regimes of mobility, housing and the like. The mapping, therefore, seeks to document, register and unpack their relationship to hegemonic narratives about and within space, and are informed by tensions within these power relations.

One of the mapping techniques I developed throughout my work with refugees is co-mapping. This research method is explained in my book “From Shelters to Dwellings” which is available for readers in Open Access via the publisher, Transcript.

Other methods include collective mapping and hybrid mapping.



  • A map of Homs city as narrated by an old inhabitant of the city living currently in Berlin (Courtesy: Ayham Dalal, 2018)
  • Co-Mapping is a technique developed especially for co-producing maps and illustrations based on interviews (Courtesy: Kamil Bembnista, 2020)